Apollo God

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Apollo God

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Homer nannte ihn in der Ilias auch Smintheus d. Auch online ist das Spiel mittlerweile so gefragt, dass es in vielen Online Casinos längst zu den meistgespielten Automaten zählt. Kategorien :. Wikis entdecken Community-Wiki Wiki erstellen. Dabei sollte aber vor allem eines bedacht werden: Einsätze Rosenmontag Feiertag Niedersachsen bei nicht erfolgreichen Spins verloren. Apollo was a major Greek god who was associated with the bow, music, and divination. The epitome of youth and beauty, source of life and healing, patron of the civilized arts, and as bright and powerful as the sun itself, Apollo was, arguably, the most loved of all the Greek gods. He was particularly worshipped at Delphi and Delos, amongst the most famous of all religious sanctuaries in the Greek world. The Greek god Apollo was the son of Zeus and the twin brother of Artemis, goddess of the hunt and the moon. In later periods, Apollo was commonly considered to have been the driver of the solar disc, but Apollo was not associated with the sun during Homeric Greek times. In this earlier period, he was the patron of prophecy, music, intellectual pursuits, healing, and plague. Apollo, in Greco-Roman mythology, a deity of manifold function and meaning, one of the most widely revered and influential of all the ancient Greek and Roman gods. The son of Zeus and Leto, he was the god of crops and herds and the primary deity of the Delphic oracle. Apollo (Ancient Greek: Ἀπόλλων) is the son of Zeus and Leto. His twin sister is Artemis. He was the God of the arts, music, healing, purification, prophecy, oracles, plague, poetry, civilization, the sun, truth, intelligence, logic, reason, and archery, he also showed men the art of medicine. He is famous for his oracle at Delphi. Apollo was a Greek god, and one of the Twelve Olympians. He was one of the most important gods in the Greek pantheon, and was believed to have jurisdiction over a range of different aspects, including prophecy, music and healing. As a major Greek god, there are many myths relating to Apollo.

There are many myths surrounding Apollo, all of them with great elements of adventure. The Roman versions are nearly identical except for names and locations.

The core messages are the same. One of the more popular myths surrounding Apollo is the story of his birth.

She seduced Zeus and became pregnant with twins. Hera even kept her own daughter, Eileithyia, from helping Leto give birth, as she was the goddess of childbirth.

Zeus felt terrible for the pain and suffering Leto was going through and turned her into a quail so that she could find refuge.

Leto searched all over Greece until she found a small island known as Delos. Hera was unable to stop Leto from settling on the island as it was being blown by the wind and moved by the waves.

Leto suffered for nine days and nine nights with terrible labor pains. On the tenth day, she went to a small lake and leaned up against a palm tree.

She loosened her belt and gave birth alone to Artemis who would become the Greek goddess of the hunt. According to other versions, she cried for help during the chase, and Gaea helped her by taking her in and placing a laurel tree in her place.

The myth explains the origin of the laurel and connection of Apollo with the laurel and its leaves, which his priestess employed at Delphi. The leaves became the symbol of victory and laurel wreaths were given to the victors of the Pythian games.

Apollo is said to have been the lover of all nine Muses , and not being able to choose one of them, decided to remain unwed.

Cyrene , was a Thessalian princess whom Apollo loved. In her honor, he built the city Cyrene and made her its ruler.

She was later granted longevity by Apollo who turned her into a nymph. The couple had two sons, Aristaeus , and Idmon.

Evadne was a nymph daughter of Poseidon and a lover of Apollo. She bore him a son, Iamos. During the time of the childbirth, Apollo sent Eileithyia , the goddess of childbirth to assist her.

Rhoeo , a princess of the island of Naxos was loved by Apollo. Out of affection for her, Apollo turned her sisters into goddesses.

On the island Delos she bore Apollo a son named Anius. Not wanting to have the child, she entrusted the infant to Apollo and left. Apollo raised and educated the child on his own.

Ourea, a daughter of Poseidon , fell in love with Apollo when he and Poseidon were serving the Trojan king Laomedon. They both united on the day the walls of Troy were built.

Ileus was very dear to Apollo. Thero , daughter of Phylas , a maiden as beautiful as the moonbeams, was loved by the radiant Apollo, and she loved him in return.

By their union, she became mother of Chaeron, who was famed as "the tamer of horses". He later built the city Chaeronea.

Hyrie or Thyrie was the mother of Cycnus. Apollo turned both the mother and son into swans when they jumped into a lake and tried to kill themselves.

An oracle prophesied that Troy would not be defeated as long as Troilus reached the age of twenty alive.

He was ambushed and killed by Achilleus , and Apollo avenged his death by killing Achilles. After the sack of Troy, Hecuba was taken to Lycia by Apollo.

Coronis , was daughter of Phlegyas , King of the Lapiths. While pregnant with Asclepius , Coronis fell in love with Ischys , son of Elatus and slept with him.

When Apollo found out about her infidelity through his prophetic powers, he sent his sister, Artemis, to kill Coronis. Apollo rescued the baby by cutting open Koronis' belly and gave it to the centaur Chiron to raise.

He used his powers to conceal her pregnancy from her father. Later, when Creusa left Ion to die in the wild, Apollo asked Hermes to save the child and bring him to the oracle at Delphi , where he was raised by a priestess.

Hyacinth or Hyacinthus was one of Apollo's favorite lovers. The pair was practicing throwing the discus when a discus thrown by Apollo was blown off course by the jealous Zephyrus and struck Hyacinthus in the head, killing him instantly.

Apollo is said to be filled with grief. The festival Hyacinthia was a national celebration of Sparta, which commemorated the death and rebirth of Hyacinthus.

Another male lover was Cyparissus , a descendant of Heracles. Apollo gave him a tame deer as a companion but Cyparissus accidentally killed it with a javelin as it lay asleep in the undergrowth.

Cyparissus was so saddened by its death that he asked Apollo to let his tears fall forever. Apollo granted the request by turning him into the Cypress named after him, which was said to be a sad tree because the sap forms droplets like tears on the trunk.

Admetus , the king of Pherae, was also Apollo's lover. The romantic nature of their relationship was first described by Callimachus of Alexandria, who wrote that Apollo was "fired with love" for Admetus.

He would also make cheese and serve it to Admetus. His domestic actions caused embarrassment to his family. Oh how often his sister Diana blushed at meeting her brother as he carried a young calf through the fields!

When Admetus wanted to marry princess Alcestis , Apollo provided a chariot pulled by a lion and a boar he had tamed. This satisfied Alcestis' father and he let Admetus marry his daughter.

Further, Apollo saved the king from Artemis' wrath and also convinced the Moirai to postpone Admetus' death once. Branchus , a shepherd, one day came across Apollo in the woods.

Captivated by the god's beauty, he kissed Apollo. Apollo requited his affections and wanting to reward him, bestowed prophetic skills on him.

His descendants, the Branchides, were an influential clan of prophets. Apollo sired many children, from mortal women and nymphs as well as the goddesses.

His children grew up to be physicians, musicians, poets, seers or archers. Many of his sons founded new cities and became kings.

They were all usually very beautiful. Asclepius is the most famous son of Apollo. His skills as a physician surpassed that of Apollo's.

Zeus killed him for bringing back the dead, but upon Apollo's request, he was resurrected as a god. Aristaeus was placed under the care of Chiron after his birth.

He became the god of beekeeping, cheese making, animal husbandry and more. He was ultimately given immortality for the benefits he bestowed upon the humanity.

The Corybantes were spear-clashing, dancing demigods. The sons of Apollo who participated in the Trojan War include the Trojan princes Hector and Troilus , as well as Tenes , the king of Tenedos , all three of whom were killed by Achilles over the course of the war.

Apollo fathered 3 daughters, Apollonis , Borysthenis and Cephisso , who formed a group of minor Muses, the "Musa Apollonides".

They were nicknamed Nete, Mese and Hypate after the highest, middle and lowest strings of his lyre. Anius , Pythaeus and Ismenus lived as high priests.

Most of them were trained by Apollo himself. He also had a son named Chrysorrhoas who was a mechanic artist.

Apollo turned Parthenos into a constellation after her early death. Additionally, Apollo fostered and educated Chiron , the centaur who later became the greatest teacher and educated many demigods, including Apollo's sons.

Apollo also fostered Carnus , the son of Zeus and Europa. Marpessa was kidnapped by Idas but was loved by Apollo as well.

Zeus made her choose between them, and she chose Idas on the grounds that Apollo, being immortal, would tire of her when she grew old.

Sinope , a nymph, was approached by the amorous Apollo. She made him promise that he would grant to her whatever she would ask for, and then cleverly asked him to let her stay a virgin.

Apollo kept his promise and went back. Bolina was admired by Apollo but she refused him and jumped into the sea. To avoid her death, Apollo turned her into a nymph and let her go.

Castalia was a nymph whom Apollo loved. She fled from him and dove into the spring at Delphi, at the base of Mt. Parnassos , which was then named after her.

Water from this spring was sacred; it was used to clean the Delphian temples and inspire the priestesses. Cassandra , was a daughter of Hecuba and Priam.

Apollo wished to court her. Cassandra promised to return his love on one condition - he should give her the power to see the future.

Apollo fulfilled her wish, but she went back on her word and rejected him soon after. Angered that she broke her promise, Apollo cursed her that even though she would see the future, no one would ever believe her prophecies.

Hestia , the goddess of the hearth, rejected both Apollo's and Poseidon's marriage proposals and swore that she would always stay unmarried.

Artemis as the sister of Apollo, is thea apollousa , that is, she as a female divinity represented the same idea that Apollo did as a male divinity.

In the pre-Hellenic period, their relationship was described as the one between husband and wife, and there seems to have been a tradition which actually described Artemis as the wife of Apollo.

However, this relationship was never sexual but spiritual, [] which is why they both are seen being unmarried in the Hellenic period.

Artemis, like her brother, is armed with a bow and arrows. She is the cause of sudden deaths of women.

She also is the protector of the young, especially girls. Though she has nothing to do with oracles, music or poetry, she sometimes led the female chorus on Olympus while Apollo sang.

Artemis Daphnaia had her temple among the Lacedemonians, at a place called Hypsoi. Hecate , the goddess of witchcraft and magic, is the chthonic counterpart of Apollo.

They both are cousins, since their mothers - Leto and Asteria - are sisters. One of Apollo's epithets, Hecatos , is the masculine form of Hecate, and both the names mean "working from afar".

While Apollo presided over the prophetic powers and magic of light and heaven, Hecate presided over the prophetic powers and magic of night and chthonian darkness.

Hecate is the goddess of crossroads and Apollo is the god and protector of streets. The oldest evidence found for Hecate's worship is at Apollo's temple in Miletos.

There, Hecate was taken to be Apollo's sister counterpart in the absence of Artemis. As a deity of knowledge and great power, Apollo was seen being the male counterpart of Athena.

Being Zeus' favorite children, they were given more powers and duties. Apollo and Athena often took up the role as protectors of cities, and were patrons of some of the important cities.

Athena was the principle goddess of Athens , Apollo was the principle god of Sparta. As patrons of arts, Apollo and Athena were companions of the Muses , the former a much more frequent companion than the latter.

In the Trojan war, as Zeus' executive, Apollo is seen holding the aegis like Athena usually does. In Aeschylus ' Oresteia trilogy, Clytemnestra kills her husband, King Agamemnon because he had sacrificed their daughter Iphigenia to proceed forward with the Trojan war.

Apollo gives an order through the Oracle at Delphi that Agamemnon's son, Orestes , is to kill Clytemnestra and Aegisthus , her lover.

Orestes and Pylades carry out the revenge, and consequently Orestes is pursued by the Erinyes or Furies female personifications of vengeance.

Apollo and the Furies argue about whether the matricide was justified; Apollo holds that the bond of marriage is sacred and Orestes was avenging his father, whereas the Erinyes say that the bond of blood between mother and son is more meaningful than the bond of marriage.

They invade his temple, and he drives them away. He says that the matter should be brought before Athena. Apollo promises to protect Orestes, as Orestes has become Apollo's supplicant.

Apollo advocates Orestes at the trial, and ultimately Athena rules in favor of Apollo. The Roman worship of Apollo was adopted from the Greeks.

On the occasion of a pestilence in the s BCE, Apollo's first temple at Rome was established in the Flaminian fields, replacing an older cult site there known as the "Apollinare".

After the battle of Actium , which was fought near a sanctuary of Apollo, Augustus enlarged Apollo's temple, dedicated a portion of the spoils to him, and instituted quinquennial games in his honour.

The chief Apollonian festival was the Pythian Games held every four years at Delphi and was one of the four great Panhellenic Games.

Also of major importance was the Delia held every four years on Delos. Athenian annual festivals included the Boedromia , Metageitnia , [] Pyanepsia , and Thargelia.

Spartan annual festivals were the Carneia and the Hyacinthia. Thebes every nine years held the Daphnephoria.

Apollo's most common attributes were the bow and arrow. Other attributes of his included the kithara an advanced version of the common lyre , the plectrum and the sword.

Another common emblem was the sacrificial tripod , representing his prophetic powers. The Pythian Games were held in Apollo's honor every four years at Delphi.

The bay laurel plant was used in expiatory sacrifices and in making the crown of victory at these games. The palm tree was also sacred to Apollo because he had been born under one in Delos.

Animals sacred to Apollo included wolves , dolphins, roe deer , swans , cicadas symbolizing music and song , ravens , hawks , crows Apollo had hawks and crows as his messengers , [] snakes referencing Apollo's function as the god of prophecy , mice and griffins , mythical eagle—lion hybrids of Eastern origin.

Homer and Porphyry wrote that Apollo had a hawk as his messenger. As god of colonization, Apollo gave oracular guidance on colonies, especially during the height of colonization, — BCE.

According to Greek tradition, he helped Cretan or Arcadian colonists found the city of Troy. However, this story may reflect a cultural influence which had the reverse direction: Hittite cuneiform texts mention an Asia Minor god called Appaliunas or Apalunas in connection with the city of Wilusa attested in Hittite inscriptions, which is now generally regarded as being identical with the Greek Ilion by most scholars.

In this interpretation, Apollo's title of Lykegenes can simply be read as "born in Lycia", which effectively severs the god's supposed link with wolves possibly a folk etymology.

In literary contexts, Apollo represents harmony, order, and reason—characteristics contrasted with those of Dionysus , god of wine, who represents ecstasy and disorder.

The contrast between the roles of these gods is reflected in the adjectives Apollonian and Dionysian. However, the Greeks thought of the two qualities as complementary: the two gods are brothers, and when Apollo at winter left for Hyperborea , he would leave the Delphic oracle to Dionysus.

This contrast appears to be shown on the two sides of the Borghese Vase. Apollo is often associated with the Golden Mean.

Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. South Asian arts: Indian sculpture from the 1st to 4th centuries ce: Gandhara. The definite volume and substance given to the pleated folds of the monastic robes make this image more naturalistic than anything found in Indian art.

At the same time, the iconographical features are of Indian origin. The Apollo nians were characterized by objectivity of expression, simplicity, and clarity, and their favoured instrument was the kithara, a type of lyre.

History at your fingertips. Sign up here to see what happened On This Day , every day in your inbox! Email address. In one myth, Apollo was fated to a disastrous and unrequited love for Daphne.

Daphne metamorphosed into a laurel tree to avoid him. Leaves from the laurel tree were thereafter used to crown victors at the Pythian games.

Share Flipboard Email. Ancient History and Latin Expert. Gill is a Latinist, writer, and teacher of ancient history and Latin.

Here are 14 interesting facts about Apollo, the intriguing Greek god. The son of Leto and Zeus, Apollo was born on the island known as Delos.

Apollo has a twin sister named Artemis. After Cyparissus accidentally killed his pet-deer — which was gifted to him by Apollo — he asked his divine lover to let him be sorrowful forever.

So, Apollo unwillingly transformed Cyparissus into a cypress tree. The story of Hyacinthus is even sadder. He was a favorite of Apollo and he dearly loved the god back.

Apollo appears throughout most of the Greek literature. An embodiment of the Hellenic ideal of kalokagathia, he is harmony, reason and moderation personified, a perfect blend of physical superiority and moral virtue.

The parents of Apollo were Zeus and Leto.

Apollo God Apollon (altgriechisch Ἀπόλλων, lateinisch Apollo, deutsch auch Apoll) ist in der griechischen und römischen Mythologie der Gott des Lichts, der Heilung, des. Apollo steht für: Apollon, einen Gott in der römischen und griechischen Mythologie, nach dem verschiedenste Dinge benannt wurden. () Apollo, einen. Der Apollo war einer der Wichtigsten der olympischen Gottheiten im antiken Griechenland. Apollo war der Gott des Lichts, Heilung und Musik. Er ist der Sohn​. Begleite Sonnengott Apollo in eine epische Spielewelt und entdecke auf dem Weg zum Slot-Olymp kolossale Gewinnchancen.
Apollo God
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